Volume No. 9 Issue No.: 3A Page No.: 1031-1036 January-March 2015




Nath Sanghamitra

Centre for the Study of Law and Governance, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi (INDIA)


Received on : November 26, 2014




Unquestioningly the pursuit of development is one of the main priorities of sovereign states. It leads to rapid depletion of the environment indicating the fragile choices humanity has to makeenvironment or development. The solution was captured in the term sustainable development marking a shift from mutually exclusive to mutually inclusive assertion- environment and development. Can sustainable development really achieve environment-friendly development. This paper aims to review the concept of sustainable development. Based on extensive literature review, it was found that development even under sustainable development, embedded within the neo-liberal economic model. Under the neoliberal regime an expansion of the market and a diminished role of the state meant less anti-poverty programs and welfare subsidies. This translated sustainable development into sustainable neo-liberalism. It is suggested that sustainable development should be replaced with sustainable ecological services. Using the definition by the convention on biological diversity, it follows the ecosystem approach which necessitates monitoring and evaluation of the condition of ecosystem to deliver services for the well-being of human being. It incorporates ecosystem management which helps in balancing conservation as well as sustainable use with fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources


Keywords : Sustainable development, Neo-liberalism, Sustainable ecosystem services, Growth, Poverty