Volume No. 9 Issue No.: 3A Page No.: 1015-1023 January-March 2015

 

VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT OF HUMAN SETTLEMENT ON RIVER BANKS : A CASE STUDY OF VISHWAMITRI RIVER, VADODARA, INDIA

 

Kaulgud Sarthak*, Vaidya Ripple, Marathe Sanyukta and Tailor Manthan A.

Department of Environmental Studies, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, Gujarat (INDIA)

 

Received on : October 24, 2014

 

ABSTRACT

 

Ours is a dynamic planet with various bio-geo-chemical processes which are in continuum since thousands of years. Many of the natural processes and associated events are far beyond the control of human beings because of their unexpected nature. Flood being one of the major natural disaster is also having immense importance in demography and environmental studies. Due to continuous increase in the human population more and more of the geographical area is being occupied for residential purpose. One such example is river banks and flood plains of the river. In the present study, investigation of the geo-environmental conditions was carried out and vulnerability of human settlement was assessed. Characteristics such as economic status, education and awareness levels, health status, hygiene and safety condition etc were assessed using the standard methods and techniques. The overall impact of recurring floods in the river Vishwamitri of Vadodara city of Gujarat, India was assessed and a correlation among various environmental aspects were analysed. Based on the studies suitable suggestions are also established which may be implemented if feasible. The study gives a fair idea of the interdependencies of various demographic aspects and their vulnerability during floods

 

Keywords : Demography, River banks, Flood plains, Geo-environmental conditions, Vulnerability

 

 

BACK