Volume No. 9 Issue No.: 3 Page No.: 669-680 January-March 2015

 

COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN NATURAL RESOURCE CONSERVATION : FOREST RIGHTS ACT AMONG THE KADARS IN KERALA, INDIA

 

V. Anitha*, R. Balakrishnan1 and J. Krishnakumar2

1. Department of Forest Economics, Forestry and Human Dimensions Programme Division, Kerala Forest Research Institute, Kerala (INDIA) 2. School of Environmental and Forest Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington (USA)

 

Received on : September 05, 2014

 

ABSTRACT

 

Ambiguity in terms of property rights, displacement and livelihood insecurity, among others has been causes of distress among tribal communities, resulting in tribal unrest, social tensions and conflicts in Kerala and other parts of India. In response, forest policies were implemented with the most recent being the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers Recognition of Forest Rights Act, 2006 (or FRA 2006). The paper explores the policy implementation strategy of FRA 2006 in Kerala, the extent of implementation in terms of individual as well as community rights and the qualitative aspects of the implementation using the Kadars as a case study. The potential strengths and weaknesses of the Act are assessed from the theoretical perspectives of property rights and community based natural resource management. The investigation has also tried to generate key points of contention with respect to some of the prevalent and ongoing issues pertaining to tribal groups in Kerala, India

 

Keywords : Kerala, Forest policies, Forest Rights Act, 2006, Property Rights, Common Pool Resource Management

 

 

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