Volume No. 9 Issue No.: 2 Page No.: 481-493 October-December 20

 

ROLE OF CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM AND CLEANER TECHNOLOGIES IN ACHIEVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN CHEMICAL AND MANUFACTURING SECTORS IN INDIA

 

Naik Mayuri*, Sawant Bhagyashree, Singh Anju, Unnikrishnan Seema, Naik Neelima, Nimkar Indrayani and G. Balaji

National Institute of Industrial Engineering, NITIE. Mumbai, (INDIA)

 

Received on : September10, 2014

 

ABSTRACT

 

Resource utilization and energy consumption in manufacturing and chemical industries can be improved by implementing Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). This paper focuses on 449 CDM projects, which were registered till July 2013 including 337 projects from manufacturing sector and 112 projects from chemical sector. In both these sectors, China and India have the maximum number of registered CDM projects. Sectors have been categorized with the help of Project Design Document (PDD), which shows manufacturing sector has 40 different industries and chemical sector has 19 different industries respectively. ‘Consolidated baseline methodology for Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emission reductions from waste energy recovery projects’ is the most widely used CDM methodology in manufacturing sector and ‘Catalytic reduction of N2O inside the ammonia burner of nitric acid plants’ is the most widely used CDM methodology in chemical sector. In manufacturing sector, cement industries have achieved 4761140 metric tons CO2e emission reduction through 70 CDM projects. Similarly, in chemical sector, nitric acid manufacturing industries have achieved 10287874 metric tons of CO2e emission reduction through 34 CDM projects. Thus we can conclude that it is effective to implement CDM projects in manufacturing and chemical industrial sector in order to reduce GHG emission and to improve energy consumption.

 

Keywords : CDM, Chemical industry, Manufacturing industry, Emission reduction, GHG emission

 

 

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