Volume No. 9 Issue No.: 2 Page No.: 356-361 October-December 201

 

EFFECT OF LEAD ON THE HEALTH OF SILVER JEWELLERY WORKERS : A CASE STUDY OF AJMER CITY, RAJASTHAN, INDIA

 

Dutta Subroto * and Khan Firoz

Department of Environmental Science, Maharshi Dayanand Saraswati University, Ajmer, Rajasthan (INDIA)

 

Received on : June 10, 2014

 

ABSTRACT

 

Lead accumulates slowly in the body and even low doses can eventually lead to poisoning. 95% of lead in body is deposited in the bones and teeth while 99% of lead in blood is associated with erythrocytes. Occupational exposure to lead is wide spread problem in every region. In the occupational setting, exposure occurs both through inhalation of airborne lead and contaminated tobacco smoker and through ingestion of contaminated food, drink and snuff. The relationship between serum lead level and health effects were assessed in a pilot cross-sectional study of Silver Jewellery Workers (SJW) group in Ajmer city, India. Human blood samples were collected from 40 persons of SJW group. The level of serum lead concentration ranging from 0.4 to 142.65 ?g/dl. The prominent findings among the lead-exposed SJW group were impaired concentration, encephalopathy, fatigue, abdominal colic, abnormal sperm, anemia, renal failure, muscular exhaustability, joint pain and myalgia. Such results might point that occupational exposure increases the serum lead levels of SJW group and lead adversely affects multiple organ systems and can cause permanent damage.

 

Keywords : Lead, Human blood, Silver Jewellery Worker (SJW), Serum lead level, Anemia

 

 

BACK