Volume No. 9 Issue No.: 1 Page No.: 102-112 July-September 2014

 

CHARACTERIZATION OF GROUNDWATER IN RELATION TO DOMESTIC AND AGRICULTURAL PURPOSES, SOLAPUR INDUSTRIAL BELT, MAHARASHTRA, INDIA

 

Pawar Ranjitsinh S.* and Panaskar Dipak B.

School of Earth Sciences, Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University, Nanded, Maharashtra (INDIA)

 

Received on : November 14, 2013

 

ABSTRACT

 

The Solapur Industrial Belt in Maharashtra (India) is situated in the northern side of the city. The textile mills are the major industries in this belt. The hydrochemical study was undertaken by collecting 50 representative groundwater samples from dug wells and bore wells covering the entire belt. The 14 physico-chemical parameters were determined. Majority of the groundwater samples represent Na + K > Ca + Mg (alkalies exceed alkaline earths) while other groundwater samples represent Ca + Mg > Na + K (alkaline earth exceeds alkalides) hydrochemical facies. The groundwater from the study area have been classified for domestic and irrigation purpose on the basis of Sodium Absorption Ratio (SAR), Kelly’s Ratio (KR), Soluble Sodium Percentage (SSP), Residual Sodium Carbonate (RSC), Percent Sodium (% Na), Magnesium Hazard (MH), Magnesium Ratio (MR) and Permeability Index (PI). The values of majority of groundwater samples for SAR, KR, SSP, RSC, % Na, MH, MR and PI are within permissible limit indicating excellent quality for irrigation purpose. The Nitrate contents are more than the permissible limit, which is unfit for the human consumption. The textile mills, sugar industry and nitrogenous fertilizers are mainly responsible for the deterioration of the groundwater quality of the study area.

 

Keywords : Groundwater quality, Industrial belt, Textile mill, Domestic, Irrigation purpose

 

 

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