Volume No. 8 Issue No.: 4 Page No.: 941-944 April-June 2014

 

CHANGES IN THE CHEMICAL CONTENTS OF VEGETABLE TANNED SOLE LEATHER OF BUFF DUE TO FUNGAL INFESTATION UNDER VARYING ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS

 

Rathore D. S.

Department of Botany & Biotechnology, Govt. K.R.G.P.G.(Autonomous) College, Gwalior (INDIA)

 

Received on : December 04, 2013

 

ABSTRACT

 

Finished leather and leather goods, stored under varying environmental conditions in warehouses, frequently become mouldy. The relative humidity plays an important role. The most common spoilage are formation of coloured inbleachable spots, mildewing and perforations due to degradation of leather components like fat and oils, causing loss of durability, rendering them unfit for commercial purpose. It is, therefore, necessary to evaluate the extent of damage which is brought about by the fungi and their biochemical activities in relation to microclimatic conditions of storage. Many workers have discussed the role of fungi which brings the changes in physical and chemical properties of finished leather due to infestation but they were concentrated around the optimum mildew growing conditions (95-100% Relative Humidity and 30?C temperature). During the present study the role of fungi on vegetable tanned sole leather of Buff, at different level of relative humidity and duration of storage at optimum temperature (28°C) has been investigated. Thus, during the present study three basic attempts were taken under considerations –(i) Qualitatively – what kind, (ii) Quantitatively –how many fungi inhabit the vegetable tanned sole leather of Buff and (iii) Estimation of changes in the quantity of fat and oils due to infestation by fungi.

 

Keywords : Fungal infestation, Sole leather, Mildewing, Buff, Chemical changes, Inbleachable

 

 

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