Volume No. 8 Issue No.: 1 Page No.: 175-182 Jul-Sept. 2013

 

EMPLOYMENT GENERATION WITH SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND BIO-DIVERSITY THROUGH SERICULTURE : A STUDY OF THREE TRIBE BLOCKS OF RAIGARH, INDIA

 

Dewangan S. K.

Office of Collector, Jagdalpur, District Bastar, Chhattisgarh (INDIA)

 

Received on : April 02, 2013

 

ABSTRACT

 

Sericulture is an eco-friendly agro-based labor intensive rural cottage industry subsidiary employment and supplementing the income of rural farmers especially the economically weaker section of the society. Sericulture occupies the place of pride in the rural economy. Sericulture can be practiced even with very low land holding. Low gestation, high returns make sericulture an ideal programme for weaker section of the society. 60 lakh persons are engaged in various sericulture activities in India. Tropical Tasar culture is an agro forestry of growing wild silk insect for unique Vanya silk, which provides livelihood and employment to 2.5 lakh rural aboriginal families of the country. The involvement of landless rural people get involved in Tasar culture is because they understood its potential for rural and tribal upliftment. In order to preserve the natural biodiversity present among these populations, the systematic attempts are required to conserve the wild Seri biodiversity for ecological balance and for sustainable economic viability. The economic values, employment potential and global demand in general and bio-diversity conservation in particular have motivated the conservation of Tasar insect wildlife which found rapidly depleting and getting endangered. This article demonstrates that certain developmental initiatives have been playing an important role in the socio-economic progress of tribal masses in Raigarh, (C.G.). This article explains the increased returns from sericulture as a result of development programmes.The article concludes with some suggestions to improve the long term feasibility of sericulture.

 

Keywords : Employment, Development, Diversity, Sericulture, Tribal, Tasar, Income

 

 

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