Volume No. 8 Issue No.: 1 Page No.: 56-59 Jul-Sept. 2013

 

STUDY OF TANNERY EFFLUENTS AND ITS EFFECTS ON SEDIMENTS OF RIVER GANGA IN SPECIAL REFERENCE TO HEAVY METALS AT JAJMAU, KANPUR, INDIA

 

Bhatnagar M.K.*, Singh Raviraj, Gupta Sanjay1 and Bhatnagar Prachi2

1. Pt. Shambhu Nath Shukla Govt. P.G College, Shahdol, Madhya Pradesh (INDIA)
2. Department of Chemistry, DIET , Shahdol, Madhya Pradesh (INDIA)

 

Received on : April 05, 2013

 

ABSTRACT

 

In Kanpur (India) a large number of leather units are located at Jajmau area, right on the bank of river Ganga. These units, which use many toxic chemicals, are the single largest contributor to the pollution of the surface as well as ground water of Jajmau area in Kanpur. The concentration of heavy and transition metals in the wastewater is extremely high. The pH was 8.4 having conductivity is 16141 moles/cm. The level of alkalinity, BOD, COD, TS, TSS, magnesium, phosphate, nitrate, fluoride, phenol, oil and grease were above the permissible limits. The heavy metals such as Cr, As, Co, Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn, Pb, Cd and Ni were present in significant quantities. Sediment samples were collected from 03 sites from different location of river Jajmau area of Kanpur and analysed for selected metals and found that the heavy metal levels in sediment collected from down stream Jajmau area were higher than up stream area Ganga at which means disposal of effluents to water bodies has potential to contaminate water body.

 

Keywords : Heavy metals, Ganga River, Ground water, Surface water, Transition metals

 

 

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