Volume No. 7 Issue No.: 4A Page No.: 1753-1760 April-June 2013

 

ENERGY, QUALITY AND PRODUCTIVITY AUDIT OF KVIC BASED INDUSTRIES IN BARAK VALLEY, ASSAM, INDIA

 

Pandey K.M.* and Sharma Deepak

Department of Mechanical Engineering N.I.T, Silchar, Assam (INDIA)

 

Received on : November 03, 2012

 

ABSTRACT

 

Today most firms are interested in a strategic approach for improving productivity and quality in their organizations. The energy prices and energy availability on economic growth and productivity have been focus of much recent research. In many such studies, energy has been incorporated as another input into production processes, along with capital, Labor and material inputs and then substitution elasticities among inputs have been estimated. In some cases, this framework has been extended to incorporate interactions between energy price increases and productivity growth. One quality characteristic of energy of particular importance to energy quality was the attribute of flexibility a characteristic embodied specially in electricity. In any industry, the main input apart from raw materials is power or energy. Energy being a prime input, there is a great need to optimize its usage especially in a growing country like India where employment. But unfortunately, in the past few years, the energy auditing performance of the small industries like rice mill, masala manufacturing unit and steel fabrication unit have not been very encouraging. At the global level, the Indian small industries are finding it increasingly difficult to make ends meet, caught between rising costs on one hand and stagnant or declining prices on the other. Keeping this in mind, this dissertation presents some case studies, of rice mill, masala mfg. unit and steel fabrication unit under Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) in Barak Valley, Assam to conduct energy audit with a view to reduce its input energy cost in order to improve the partial energy productivity, thereby contributing to the improvement of the total productivity of these small industries. Systematic data are collected from these small industries and analyzed. Improved models are proposed to reduce the energy input and to increase the productivity.

 

Keywords : Energy, Energy prices, Quality, Productivity, KVIC

 

 

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