Volume No. 7 Issue No.: 4A Page No.: 1586-1590 April-June 2013

 

ASSESSMENT OF AIR AND SOIL QUALITY AND IMPACT OF DUST ON CROPS AROUND THE CEMENT PLANTS IN CHHATISGARH, INDIA

 

Khamparia A.*1 and Chatterjee S.K.2

1. Department of Chemistry, Govt. Nagarjun P.G. Science College, Raipur (INDIA)
2. Government College, Tilda, (INDIA)

 

Received on : November 07, 2012

 

ABSTRACT

 

Cement kilns operating in the Chhattisgarh are known to be a prime cause of air pollution. There are more than 12 industries in Chhattisgarh which deteriorate the air quality and degrading health of vegetation and human being living in the vicinity of the factories. Present study indicates that the concentration of particulate matters in the air was higher than the limits; provided by Central Pollution Control Board(CPCB),i.e. in spring of season 0-100 µg/m3 for respirable Suspended Particulate Matter (RSRM), 0-200 µg/m3 for Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM), 0-80 µg/m3 for SO2 and NO2 for good air quality. In the ambient air of factory the RSPM was 132.3253µg/m3, SPM was 282.3263µg/m3, Sulphur dioxide SO2 was 25.865µg/m3, nitrogen dioxide NO2 was 44.165µg/m3 in winter (October to December) and in the months from June to September RSPM was 104.442 µg/m3, SPM was 201.418µg/m3, SO2 was 17.856 µg/m3, NO2 was 33.1 µg/m3. There was apparent seasonal variability of particulate matter concentration but was not significant. Other environmental impact of cement industry was on reduction of soil fertility, availability of nutrients and yield of crops.

 

Keywords : Cement kiln, Air quality, Particulate matter, Soil fertility, Chattisgarh

 

 

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