Volume No. 7 Issue No.: 4 Page No.: 1459-1466 April-June 2013

 

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT AND MANAGEMENT : PROTECTING ECOLOGY IN NORTH-EAST INDIA

 

Pandey K.M.*, Debbarma Ajoy, Das Hirakjyoti, Roy Amitava and Nath Writuparna

Department of Mechanical Engineering, N.I.T Silchar, Assam (INDIA)

 

Received on : November 10, 2012

 

ABSTRACT

 

The North-East is the land of green belt of India, so called land of forest and tribal’s, the entire north-east region is rich in its natural resources-oil, natural gas, minerals and most importantly valuable forests. Assam and other seven sisters including Sikkim consists the whole landmass of the North-Eastern India. The north eastern region which was almost an environmental friendly region with maximum rainfall every year, green trees and green Pasteur everywhere is no longer a tourist destination. Though the North-East is an industrially backward region, the existing industries, deforestation and flood are causing serious problem to the environment in the region. Northeast India environment is subjected to degradation due to plundering attitude of man, and that is a point of great concern today. "Environment is the most discussed topic in the world today because of two reasons. First is the environmental degradation that has threatened the survival of all life forms on the surface of the earth. Second is the environmental management, which includes successful utilization of the environmental resources and solution of the environmental problems. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) includes assessing the present status of air, water, land, noise, biological and socio-economic components of environment based on secondary data collected from various respective departments. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Environmental Audit (EA) are important tools which institutions and business companies are nowadays using internally almost inevitably all over the world for environmental protection in order to ensure that business operations are compliant with environmental laws and regulations such as the Environmental Management. The absence of environmental planning and management strategies has resulted in greater concern for future development. The main objective of this paper is to study initiative environmental impact in North-East India. It deals with the state of environment (particularly the geo-environment), degradation of environment (land, water and forest), and environmental management in North Eastern part of India.

 

Keywords : North-Eastern Region, Environmental impact assessment (EIA), Management strategies, Auditing, Land of forest and tribals

 

 

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