Volume No. 7 Issue No.: 4 Page No.: 1423-1429 April-June 2013

 

HEALTH SECURITY IN ETHNIC COMMUNITIES THROUGH NUTRACEUTICAL LEAFY VEGETABLES

 

Sharma H.P.* and Rawal Ajit Kumar

Department of Botany, Ranchi University, Ranchi, Jharkhand (INDIA)

 

Received on : November 07, 2012

 

ABSTRACT

 

Until just recently, analysis of food was limited to the flavor of food and its nutritional value. However, there is growing evidence that other components of food may play an integral role in the link between food and health. There are large numbers of nutraceutical vegetables growing in the State of Jharkhand which are regularly consumed by the ethnic communities.  These plant resources grow profusely on wasteland, free of insecticides/pesticides and give new palatable taste. These vegetables are lesser- known to the common people or they feel inferiority to accept these vegetables in their dietary menu. In the present investigation 20 leafy vegetables have been described with their   biochemical evaluation on account of nutrients and secondary metabolites to prove their nutraceutical status. The phytochemical analysis of all the studied plants revealed carbohydrates, proteins, fats and fibers as nutritional components, whereas the presence of  alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, terpenoids, cardiac glycosides and phlobatanins, support therapeutic properties. The consumption of such important plant resources should be encouraged and popularized as these could be beneficial resources for prevention, management and treatment of chronic diseases of the modern age.

 

Keywords : Nutraceutical, Vegetables, Health security, Nutritional, Secondary metabolites, Therapeutic

 

 

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